地域防災研究センターの紹介 INTRODUCTION

東日本大震災からの復興に向けて

 岩手大学地域防災研究センターは、東日本大震災から1年を経て2012年4月より、工学部附属組織から全学組織になりました。現在、専任教員、兼務教員、研究協力員、客員教員等が学内外から参画し、地域防災や東日本大震災からの復興に資する研究・教育を進めています。当センターの特徴は、その名前の示す通り、地域防災に焦点を当てていることにあります。津波、火山、地震、洪水など、災害は発生から復旧・復興まで、場に強く依存する性質を有しており、岩手や東北という地域特性に根ざした防災研究・教育に取り組んでいます。身近なフィールドとの長期的な関わりを大切にし、地域の防災上の課題を抽出しながらその改善に向けてアプローチしている教員が多数所属しています。
東日本大震災以後、当センターの自然災害解析、防災まちづくり、災害文化からなる3部門に所属する教員は、被災地域に入り、被災状況調査、地震・津波などの解析、復旧・復興まちづくりの支援、教育活動支援や伝承・記録の支援等を、地域の人々とともに実践してきています。岩手の地域防災研究の拠点であること、岩手三陸をはじめとする被災地の復興に資するプラットホームになることが、当センターの使命にほかなりません。
東日本大震災のからの復興への取り組みを加速すべく地域とともに研究・教育を進めること。さらには阪神淡路大震災、中越地震などの震災・復興の体験をもつ国内外の大学、また南海トラフ等の今後の震災が危惧されている地域の大学との連携を深め、過去・現在・未来を貫く相互の学びの場の創出へとつなげることが当面の課題です。

センター長  南 正昭

 

Towards the Recovery from the Great East Japan Earthquake

From April 2012, a year after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, the Research Center for Regional Disaster Management became a university-wide institution from an affiliated entity of the Faculty of Engineering. Full-time and part-time faculty members, research assistants, and visiting professors from inside and outside the university are all advancing research and education that contribute to regional disaster management as well as to the recovery and reconstruction after the disaster. One of the main features of the Center is its focus on regional disaster management, as its name also suggests. Tsunami, volcanic eruption, flooding and other forms of natural disasters tend to be region specific in terms of their occurrence as well as regarding the process of recovery and reconstruction that follows. Thus, the Center is engaged in disaster management research and education that is built on regional characteristics specific to Iwate and the Tohoku area. Many of our faculty members value a long-term engagement with familiar fields, identifying challenges that regional disaster management faces, and seeking solutions to improve the situation.
The Center consists of three divisions including Natural Disaster Analysis Division, Community Development and Disaster Management Division, and Disaster Culture Division. Since the occurrence of the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami, our faculty members in the three divisions have been working together with local residents in the form of field studies assessing the degree of devastation in affected areas, and also through analyzing earthquakes and tsunami, supporting community development and reconstruction, giving educational support and support for keeping oral and written records. Hence, our mission is to become the research hub for Iwate s regional disaster management as well as the platform for reconstruction in the Sanriku coastal area and other affected areas in Iwate. Our goals in the immediate future include advancing research and education together with local communities in order to accelerate post-disaster reconstruction works. We also consider it important to strengthen partnerships with other universities inside and outside Japan, such as those which went through the Great Hanshin and Awaji, Niigata Chuetsu or other earthquakes and reconstruction processes, and also with regional universities that are concerned with possible Nankai Trough and other earthquakes.
We seek to develop these partnerships to create a common learning ground that is coherent through the past, present and future.

Director Masaaki Minami

事業目的 Purpose

  1. 三陸沿岸での安全・安心な地域づくり
    Safe and secure regional development in the Sanriku area
  2. 災害文化の醸成・実践・継承
    Creation, practice, and succession of disaster culture
  3. 三陸モデルの発信
    Information on disaster prevention practice in the Sanriku area

地域防災とは What is regional disaster management?

既存の防災研究機関では、地震津波の規模及び発生確率の想定に向けた研究が行われ、防発対策の基本方針の策定に大きく貢献してきました。
一方こうした「自然現象からみた防災」の観点での研究成果を踏まえ、地域ごとの具体的な防災計画を策定するためには「地域住民から見た防災」、つまり地域防災の観点が必要です。地域の地形、産業構造、歴史・文化などを考慮し、津波に災害に強い(1)施設づくり(2)まちづくりと、地域固有の災害文化を醸成・実践・継承する(3)ひとづくりを機能的に連携させたボトムアップ型防災システムが、ここで提案する地域防災です。Existing disaster research institutes have studied scales and probability of earthquakes/tsunami, and contributed greatly to the development of fundamental policies for disaster preparedness. While such research outcomes toward disaster management by viewing disaster as a natural phenomenon provide the ground for drafting actual disaster management plans specific to each region, disaster management from the community s perspective or in other words the aspect of regional disaster management must form a core part of the disaster management plans.
The disaster management model that we suggest is a bottom-up disaster management system that takes the geographical traits, industrial composition, history and culture of the region into consideration and creates functional liaisons of 1) facilities and 2) communities that are resistant to tsunami disasters and 3) human resources who create, practice and pass down a disaster culture that is intrinsic to the community.

事業実施概要 outline

  • これまで岩手大学が実施してきた地域密着型の活動(防災体制構築への支援、防災教育など)をさらに拡充し、東日本大震災による被災地の復興に向け、「施設づくり」「まちづくり」「ひとづくり」に貢献
    The aim is to expand practical disaster management activities of local communities which have been implemented by the faculty members of Iwate University. These activities concern support for the construction of disaster management systems, the education of disaster prevention and mitigation, and contribution to the development of facilities, communities and human resources for recovery and reconstruction in the devastated areas struck by the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami in 2011.
  • 地域特性に応じた防災対策と、津波常襲地帯に暮らすための知恵である災害文化からなるボトムアップ型防災システム(三陸モデル)を構築
    Constructing community-based and bottom-up disaster management system for residents living in areas frequently struck by tsunami, based on their traditional disaster culture.
  • 三陸モデルを、今後巨大地震の発生が危惧される東南海地域などへ展開
    Transmitting information on disaster prevention practices accumulated in the Sanriku area to communities which will be possibly struck by huge earthquakes in the near future.
  • 岩手県が構想する「国際的防災研究拠点(案)」の中核機能として実施
    Functioning as “the International Center for Disaster Prevention Research” planned by the Iwate Prefectural Government.
  • 他大学、他研究機関と連携し、相互補完的な事業実施により効果的な成果を創出
    And creating fruitful results by collaborating with other universities and research groups.

取組の体系 organization

organization